Many Arabs describe the Morocco language even if it’s Arabic as a difficult and complicated dialect compared to other Arabic dialects prevalent in other countries.
There are many languages in Morocco, but the two official languages are Arabic and the Amazigh language. The Moroccan language (known as Darija) is the local dialect. Arabic, in addition to the French (the second foreign language for many Moroccans), are the two signs of high social status. The standard Arabic, the Moroccan dialect, and the Berber are the national languages.
Morocco Language: Berber
The Amazigh language uses between 20% and 30% of Arabic vocabulary. King Muhammad VI issued a royal decision to preserve the Amazigh language and culture.
There are 15 to 18 million speakers of Tamazight (Berber) in Morocco, which is equivalent to 50 to 65% of the population. Berber or Amazigh is the local language in many areas of Morocco, and it is one of the two languages people use at home and on the street. Its letters differ from Latin ones, its name is Tifinagh. The alphabet of the Tifinagh script is one of the oldest lines of the alphabet, and it is originally from the Phoenician alphabet.
Morocco Language: Darija
Darija is used at home and on the street, but it is not used in writing. Moroccans use it in everyday life, dialogues in grocery stores and restaurants, or when talking to each other. The Berbers learn the Moroccan Arabic dialect as a second language and use it as a common language of communication.
Some people describe Darija as difficult and complicated. For them, it is fast to pronounce and includes some words derived from other languages. The Moroccans, in fact, speak many and varied dialects, which differ from one region to another. But most of its vocabulary derives from the Amazigh and Arabic language, given the long coexistence between the Amazigh and Arabs in the country.
French is the first foreign language of Morocco. Children learn it from an early age and represent the primary language of Moroccan trade and economy. French is one of the two languages indicating the high social status in Morocco. People mostly use it in the fields of business, diplomacy, and government. French is used as a common language of communication in Casablanca and Rabat.
The French language is clear in some aspects of Moroccan life, including education, the government, the media, and the private sector, as a result of French colonialism, which enacted a policy of spreading the French language throughout Morocco during the colonial period.
Morocco has been affected by its neighborly relations with Europe as well. A subject to colonial greed, either by Portugal, Spain, or France. This has had a clear impact on the dialects spoken in which Arab, Amazigh, African and Andalusian mixes for centuries. The origins of the Moroccan dialect are from four linguistic roots: Arabic, Berber, French, and Spanish. There are also words from English, Italian, Turkish, Persian, etc., but they are few in comparison to others.
History proves that Morocco has a civilization that has witnessed integrated prosperity over time. What confirms that is the languages and spiritual heritage left, in addition to the high moral and psychological values that shape the Moroccan character.
Bonus: learn a few words in Morocco language
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